What is Spondylolisthesis?

Spondylolisthesis is defined as a slip of one vertebral body relative to an adjacent vertebral body caused for the breakdown of the cartilage between the vertebra.  This condition causes misalignment and narrowing of the spinal column, known as spinal stenosis, resulting on pressure on the nerves, thus causing pain in the buttocks or legs.

This spinal condition most commonly presents as a degenerative disease in adults, but may be present in adolescents as a result of deformity or trauma.  One of the most common symptoms of Spondylolisthesis is mild to moderate back pain.  If the slip is compressing a nerve, leg pain often develops.

Spondylolisthesis symptoms and cause

Spondylolisthesis Symptoms

A change in the position of the vertebra can lead to back pain.  Nerve compression may occur as the condition worsens, resulting in leg pain.  The most common Spondylolisthesis symptoms:

  • Lower back pain
  • Leg pain and numbness may develop if there is nerve compression

Spondylolisthesis Causes

Adults

  • Arthritic changes
  • Disc degeneration
  • Pars defect

Adolescents

  • Trauma due to athletic activities
  • Congenital deformity
  • Isthmic Spondylolisthesis
Treatments

Spondylolisthesis Treatments

Read about all the Possible Spondylolisthesis Treatments & Procedures
Treatments