Aging and/or traumatic wearing away of the discs (shock absorbers) that are located between the spinal vertebrae (bones).
Aging phenomenon gives rise to a wearing away of the smooth cartilage (Teflon coating) within the spinal facets (joints).
Pain, numbness, tingling or weakness in one or both legs referable to inflammation or compression of one or more branches of the sciatic nerve (nerve symptoms).
Rupture of a piece of the disc, sometimes causing pressure on a nerve or the spinal cord, with resulting pain, numbness or weakness in one or both arms or legs (nerve symptoms).
Narrowing of an area in the spinal canal which may cause “nerve symptoms” if the narrowing compresses a nerve.
Slippage of one vertebral body on another due to either aging arthritis or to a fracture, acquired during childhood or adolescence. Slippage and instability may cause nerve symptoms.
Curvature of the spine usually due to congenital, unknown or degenerative causes.
Loss of calcium from spinal bones. Most commonly occurring in older women after menopause.
Spinal bones typically fracture due to trauma and falls, although they may occur in osteoporosis patients with minimal if any trauma.
Tumors may be benign or malignant. Although they may arise primarily from the spinal vertebrae themselves, these bones are frequently the site of secondary deposition of malignant tumors arising from other organs (metastasis lesions).
The spinal bones and discs may become infected, usually from bacteria traveling in the blood or urine.