What Causes Hip Pain?

Hip pain involves any pain in or around the hip joint. In fact, you may not feel pain from your hip directly over the hip area. Instead, you might feel it in your groin or pain in your thigh or knee. However, hip pain may be caused by problems in the bones or cartilage of your hip, such as:

• Osteoarthritis

This condition occurs after bone cartilage is worn away or damaged and hip bones no longer move smoothly. Among those over 50 years of age this is common and causes pain in the groin area and the front side of the thighs. However, it is a chronic condition that causes pain and stiffness and is usually worse after activity. Due to friction, swelling, and stiffening, the hip joint may become deformed. In severe cases, a total hip replacement is a common treatment.

• Fracture

Older people, especially those suffering from osteoporosis, can fracture their hips during simple daily activities. Surgery is required for hip fractures.

• Muscle strains, tendonitis, or bursitis

Overusing the hip muscles can results in small tears, although strains can happen in the lower back after quick turning, twisting or pulling of the spinal column muscles. Tendons are the tissues that connect muscles to hipbones and joints, and inflammation of the tendons can occur from frequent strenuous activity. Bursae are fluid-filled sacs that cushion the bones, tendons, and muscles near the joints and bursitis is the painful inflammation of these sacs.

• Inflammatory Conditions

Such as, rheumatoid arthritis or polymyalgia rheumatica. Early diagnosis is vital. Considering some conditions are treatable and can prevent more serious complications.

• Infection or malignancy

Acute infections need urgent diagnosis and care. Considering they can cause joint destruction, and an overabundance of harmful bacteria and toxins, if left untreated.

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what causes hip painAnatomy of the Hip Joint

The hip joint is one of the largest joints of the body. Actually, it plays a critical locomotive role as the tight moves forward and backward.  This joint also rotates when sitting and changing directions while walking.

The hip joint is where the ball of the femur joins the pelvis at a socket called the “acetabulum”. As a matter of fact, there is cartilage covering both the bone of the femur and the acetabulum in the hip joint. A joint lining tissue, called synovium, surrounds the hip joint.

This synovium tissue produces a fluid that lubricates the joint providing nutrients to the cartilage of the joint.  The ligaments around the hip joint attach the femur bone to the bony pelvis.  There are a number of muscles and tendons that glide around the hip joint.  Tiny fluid-filled sacs, called bursae, provide gliding surfaces for muscles and tendons around the hip joint.  Major arteries and veins pass the front of the hip joint.  The largest nerve of the body, the sciatic nerve, passes behind the hip joint.